The process of signing the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA), commenced when the EU General Affairs Council approved the Commission's proposal to start the negotiations on 12 December 2012. Based on this report, on 28 June 2013, EU Council decided to commence the negotiations for SAA between Kosovo and EU. Negotiations began on 28 October 2013, with the first meeting of the Chief negotiators. After commencement of negotiations, with a focus on Title IV, V and VI, their second round, held on 27 November 2013 focused on the conclusion of these three titles, where were also opened negotiations on titles I, III , VII, VIII, IX and X. The third and the fourth round took place in December 2013, respectively in February 2014, whereas the fifth round (on 24 March 2014) was focused on the last remaining title, Title II - Political dialogue. After five rounds of negotiations, the final meeting of the Chief negotiators was held on 2 May 2014, in Prishtina, where the SAA was approved by them, by placing the initials in July 2014.
The Republic of Kosovo and the European Union signed the Stabilisation and Association Agreement on 27 October 2015 in Strasbourg. It was subsequently adopted by the Government of the Republic of Kosovo on 30 October 2015, through Decision no. 01/55 on approving the Draft-law on ratification of the stabilization and association agreement between the Republic of Kosovo, of the one part, and the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, of the other part, and it was ratified on the Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo on 2 November 2015, with approval of the Law no. 05/L-069 on ratification of the stabilization and association agreement between the Republic of Kosovo, of the one part, and the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, of the other part.
SAA sets the framework of Kosovo's relations with EU Member States and EU institutions for the implementation of the Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP) until full EU membership. Regarding the scope, besides political issues and legal obligations (including those affecting the domestic legal order), SAA covers all spheres of government. SAA contains ten "titles" (main chapters or headings), and seven appendices, five protocols and a joint statement:
Title I: General Principles;
Title II: Political Dialogue;
Title III: Regional Cooperation;
Title IV: Free movement of goods; Title V: Establishment, Supply of Services and Capital;
Title VI: Approximation of Kosovos law to the EU Acquis, law enforcement and competition rules;
Title VII: Freedom, Security and Justice;
Title VIII: Cooperation Policies;
Title IX: Financial Cooperation, and
Title X: Institutional, General and Final Provisions.
The majority of SAA is based on EU acquis, respectively the entirety of legal norms that is applicable within its territory and by all member states as legal entities, covering all policy areas. Therefore, Kosovo, as a country that aims to join the EU, should until the accession process to adopt all acquis and make it an integral part of its domestic legislation.
According to SAA, during 2016, it will be established joint structures of Kosovo - EU regarding stabilization and association process which will take political decisions and other decisions for implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the SAA. These structures which are expected to be established are:
Stabilization and Association Council (Highest political level);
Stabilization and Association Committee;
Stabilization and Association Sub-Committee;
Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee (Joint structure between European Parliament and Kosovo Assembly).